One of the most important women’s health issues patients face is choosing the best birth control option. Although oral contraceptives are perhaps the best-known choice, there are many other birth control options available to women. Choosing the right option starts with making an appointment for gynecology services in Arlington Heights and having a conversation with your doctor or midwife. Here are some of the popular methods that your healthcare provider may review with you.
Birth Control Pills
Birth control pills are popular because they are easy to take and effective. They come in a variety of forms, including low-dose hormone pills and progesterone-only pills. As long as you take them at the same time every day without missing a dose, birth control pills are up to 99 percent effective in preventing pregnancy, with slight variations in effectiveness depending on the type. Most side effects include spotting, tender breasts, and weight gain resolve in two to four months. Failing to take the contraceptives as recommended can dramatically reduce their effectiveness, only some antibiotics can interfere with birth control pills, but can make accidental pregnancy more likely.
Nexplanon is an implantable birth control device. The implant is placed in your upper arm in your OBGYN office during a simple procedure and provides three years of pregnancy prevention. If you decide to get pregnant before the three years is up, the device is easily removed at any time. Nexplanon is a hormonal birth control option. The most common side effect is that you will not have a regular period.
An intrauterine device, or IUD, is a small device shaped like a T that is placed in the uterus during a quick, in-office procedure by your gynecologist. There are two versions of IUDs: copper and hormonal. Copper IUDs do not contain hormones and work by interfering with the way sperm move so that they cannot reach the egg. Hormonal IUDs also interfere with sperm movement and may also thicken cervical mucous and prevent ovulation. Copper IUDs can be an ideal solution for women who cannot tolerate hormonal birth control. IUDs are effective for three to ten years depending on which one you choose, but can be removed if you wish to start a family.